The Offshore Echo's magazine site contains details of the latest issue, lots of information and a catalogue of offshore-related items for
sale. There are also sections telling the stories of Radio Caroline,
Swinging Radio England and Laser.
Monitor Magazine was a fantastically detailed and well-researched fanzine edited by the late Roland “Buster” Pearson. Some selected articles
from back issues are now available on-line. There is also a second site devoted to the magazine which gives some of its history
and reprints various articles.
Dr. Martin van der Ven's Offshore Radio Guide is a treasure trove of pirate news, photographs and links.
Offshore Radio Museum is a recent addition to the world wide web. It is a virtual museum, housed in an imaginary ‘former dockside warehouse’,
dedicated to recording and preserving the history of offshore radio.
The Pirate's Cove contains air-checks from various offshore stations from the sixties to the eighties.
Industry body the Radio Academy has its own Hall of Fame, honouring great UK broadcasters of the past and present. It currently includes
ten former offshore DJs - Tony Blackburn, Kenny Everett, Stuart Henry, Adrian Love, John Peel, Rosko, Dave Lee Travis, Tommy Vance, Johnnie Walker and Tony Windsor.
David Lloyd hosts the Radio Moments audioblog, remembering incidents in broadcasting history - including some involving offshore radio. He has also interviewed
a number of ex-pirates including Tony Prince, Roger Day, Steve England, Tom Edwards and Colin Berry.
The nostalgia site Sixties City has a very good section on pirate radio.
Alan Milewczyk, “the Pole with Soul” has been running Al's Soul Shack for some time. The website also contains a section on
Soundscapes is “an online journal on the history and social significance of media culture.” There are numerous interesting articles
relating to British and continental offshore radio in English, Dutch and German.
For a number of articles on music radio in Britain, check out Transdiffusion.
as the name suggests, is mainly concerned with vintage television but this highly entertaining site also has sections devoted to “other aspects of popular culture - films, magazines, radio, soft drinks and
The Wireless Waffler blogs at wirelesswaffle.wordpress.com.
There are a number of pages and groups relating to offshore radio on Facebook including
Principality of Sealand,
The First and Original Site for Radio Caroline North,
Radio Caroline North - fun and free for all,
Radio City 299 metres - The Tower Of Power,
Radio North Sea International,
Friends Of Radio 270,
Remember Swinging Radio England - SRE,
Radio 390 + Former Red Sands Stations,
Remembering RNI - Radio Northsea International,
Radio Essex on Maunsell Sea Fort Knock John,
Felixstowe & Offshore Radio,
Pirate Rulers of the Airwaves,
We Love The Pirate Stations and
Wonderful Radio London 266 metres.
The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame is there too.
SPECIFIC STATION SITES
The UK's first and last pirate Radio Caroline has continued broadcasting, legally, via the internet from studios on land. This official
site, run by general manager Peter Moore, tells the history and has the latest news. There is also a sales page run by The Radio Caroline Society offering
CDs, DVDs, and promotional clothing. All profits go towards the upkeep of the Ross Revenge, Caroline's last ship. There is also a separate oldies service, Caroline Flashback.
www.rossrevenge.co.uk is a site devoted to Radio Caroline's last ship, the Ross Revenge. It contains plans, pictures, history and a wealth of technical
The Lady Hits 50 blog is a diary of the events relating to Radio Caroline taking place fifty years ago.
The late Jim Murphy operated a fascinating Caroline North Tribute Site. Sadly he died before completing entries on all his
colleagues but it does contain biographical details of some of the DJs and excellent photographs, many taken by Jim himself while working on the ship. The contents of the site have now been rescued and made available
again by Chris and Mary Payne of the Radio London website.
The Radio London site continues its unending task of tracking down offshore favourites of the past. This regularly updated site also tells
the story of the more recent Radio London restricted service broadcasts and has a database of Fab 40 charts from 1965 to 1967, all supplemented with fascinating items of trivia. They have also incorporated
Jempi Laevaert's Stonewashed Collection site, listing the Caroline Countdowns.
Svenn Martinsen (alias Derek Burroughs Jr.) has written a fascinating and extremely detailed study of the five radio stations that were based on the mv Olga Patricia: Radio England, Britain Radio, Radio 355 and
the two Dutch outlets Radio Dolfijn and Radio 227. It can be found on his website.
Not a pirate as such, Radio Geronimo was a free-form music station that hired late night airtime from Radio Monte Carlo for a few months during 1970. Run by
The Move's manager, Tony Secunda, and Rolling Stones producer Jimmy Miller, it was a prime example of hippy capitalism but sadly the money ran out. However Geronimo did produce some great programmes during its
brief existence. Two of its DJs later joined up with the Caroline organisation to create the equally short-lived, but fondly remembered, Radio Seagull. Web-master Chris B is very keen to find
recordings of either station to add to his site.
Alan Bailey has written a history of Radio Luxembourg called 208 - It Was Great. Sadly the book is now out of print but the website
is still active. It contains photos and studio quality audio from ‘the station of the stars’.
There are a few sites devoted to Radio Northsea International (RNI) including Colin's Radio Northsea International Pages and a Dutch one
rni220.nl. There are also a couple of versions of RNI streaming audio on the internet: www.radio-northsea.de
Offshore Echo's Radio Forts site contains photographs and memorabilia of the stations based on the anti-aircraft forts in the Thames
Project Redsand is campaigning to save Red Sands Fort, the war-time anti-aircraft installation in the Thames estuary that housed three offshore radio
stations during the sixties.
There are photos of the Thames forts used for offshore broadcasting in the sixties at www.gulbekian.plus.com.
Roy Bates, the owner of Radio Essex and Station BBMS, moved to another Thames fort, Roughs Tower, when his pirate days were over. He renamed it Sealand and declared it an independent state. Sadly Roy is no longer
with us (see tribute) but Sealand lives on. See www.sealandgov.org.
Former seventies Caroline disc-jockey, Norman Barrington, has split his long-running website into two halves. normanb.com is devoted to his radio career while his
other, see below, displays his passion for jingles.
Former Radio England “boss jock”,
Caroline South and RNI breakfast DJ, Roger Day can now be heard on BBC local radio in the south of England. He has a website at rogerday.co.uk.
In 1974 Brian Anderson was heard on Radio Caroline, Radio Seagull and Radio Mi Amigo. He has gone on to enjoy a long career in radio all over the world and you can see photos and hear audio,
including some from his time on the mv Mi Amigo on his website briananderson.me.uk.
BBC Essex presenter Ray Clark was known as Mick Williams when he broadcast on Radio Caroline during the eighties. His website features photos, videos and memories
from throughout his career, including his time working on the mv Ross Revenge.
Johnny Lewis was originally heard on Radio Caroline as ‘Stephen Bishop’ in 1979. Since then he has gone on to enjoy a long and successful broadcasting career. He has a website,
Rounds And Sounds, devoted to this three main interests: beer, golf and radio. It includes some great photos taken on board the mv Mi Amigo.
Lion Keezer was a Dutch DJ on Radio Caroline during the seventies. He took some great photos of the offshore stations that operated at that time which he has now turned into an iBook, optimised for iPad and Mac. Pirate Radio
Ships in the 70s is available from iTunes. See Lion's website for more details. He has also made a snazzy advert, available on YouTube. The price varies depending where you are. Britain: £7.99;
Europe: €7.99; USA: $9.99.
Sheridon Street was an engineer on both Caroline ships during 1967. He even got to present some shows on Caroline South (as Keith Street) when the DJ team
was a man short. Now living in northern Thailand, he has posted some fantastic pictures from his offshore days on his website: www.hs0zee.com.
TAPES AND MEMORABILIA
Over the years East Anglian Productions/Jumbo Records produced all manner of books, tapes, videos and CDs relating to offshore radio. Although no longer trading, some of their their products are occasionally available second-hand
through Amazon, including the 3 CD set The Wonderful Radio London Story, a CD compilation of Radio London promotions and tapes
Production Masters 1964-67 and the massive six CD set The Radio Caroline Story.
The magazine Offshore Echo's (see above) also offers an impressive range of items.
The old Caroline Movement used to sell cassettes of offshore recordings. Their catalogue has now been taken over by GJB Sales and a list of the available tapes can be
obtained by sending an addressed C5 envelope, stamped to the value of 41p, to Tape Offer, P.O.Box 46, Romford, Essex RM7 8AY.
Disc-jockey Bob Le Roi sells a number of CD documentaries, mainly about the fort-based pirates, from his site www.bobleroi.co.uk
Pirate Memories offer recordings and memorabilia from the halcyon days of offshore radio broadcasting.
There are a couple of Dutch internet sites where members share recordings of offshore radio programmes: The Offshore Radio Club Forum and
The Internet Radiocafé. Both are free to join.
Ray Andrews has kindly supplied a number of the air-checks on The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame. He is interested in
trading recordings of offshore stations from 1964 to 1974 and would like to hear from anyone with tapes to swap.
Chris Baird has also generously provided recordings. He is especially interested in trading tapes of Radio Luxembourg and can be contacted
Jim Nantz is an American who started listening to the current incarnation of Radio Caroline via the internet. Although he had never heard the station during its maritime days, he became
fascinated by the history and asked people to send him their offshore recordings. They did, and he set up a web server to share them. Jim has now passed the running of this audio treasure-trove to Ray Robinson who
has added to it substantially. There is now an amazing catalogue of airchecks available to download from the azanorak.com website.
One of the best jingle sites is operated by Norman Barrington. He was a disc-jockey on Radio Caroline during the seventies and has another site devoted to his
offshore career, see above.
If you want to buy or swap jingles, check out Jingleweb. It is a Dutch site but has pages in English as well. It also has a page called
Offshore Days which contains some great photos with, we are promised, more to come.
Most of the jingles used on offshore radio were produced by Pams of Dallas and you can hear a number of samples on their site. An American fan called Steven M
Geisler has a section of his Steve's Radio & Railroads website devoted to jingles.
The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame only includes English-language broadcasters who were heard in Britain but there were a number of other countries where offshore radio flourished and some
excellent websites that tell their stories:
The Swedish and Danish offshore stations pre-date their British counterparts and there are a number of fascinating sites devoted to their memory, parts of which are in English:
The Skandinavisk Offshore Radio Historie website is a general site covering all the Scandinavian stations. There are also specific sites devoted
to Radio Mercur, Radio Syd and Radio
Swedish radio fan Ingemar Lindqvist has been operating The Radio Archives website in his own language since March 2006 (Swedish home page here)
and has now begun work on an English language section. Both parts contain a number of interesting and unique recordings including some of
British offshore stations.
Europe's longest-lasting offshore station was Radio Veronica and there is an excellent Dutch language site celebrating it at www.norderney.nl.
After its offshore days, the Veronica organisation developed into a wide-ranging media empire and now has a website (in Dutch) dedicated to the history of the station at www.veronicastory.nl.
René van den Abeelen is a Dutch radio presenter. He has two fascinating websites. Renevandenabeelen.net has many pages devoted to Radio Veronica with
lots of pictures and some old Super 8 movies shot in the seventies. There is also material about two other ships, RNI's Mebo II and Atlantis's Jeanine. At his other site radioships.com you can buy tin miniatures of five radio ships and the man-made “REM Island”. His latest model is of the mv Fredericia.
When “Swinging” Radio England closed down, it was replaced by a Dutch station. One of its disc-jockeys, Look Boden (who also kindly contributed some of his photographs to the DJs' photo
album) has set up his own cable station called, in memory of his offshore past, Radio 227.
The Radio Heritage Foundation site describes itself as “sharing the stories of Pacific Radio”. If you are interested in radio from Australia,
New Zealand or anywhere in the Pacific, this is the site for you.
Radio Hauraki: The Pirate Years is a website devoted to the history of New Zealand's only offshore station which broadcast from the Hauraki Gulf
near Auckland for 1111 days (between 1966 and 1970) before winning a license to come ashore. Radio Hauraki's story was the basis for the film 3 Mile Limit.
The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame has a U.S. counterpart, The North American Pirate Radio Hall of Fame, which
highlights clandestine radio stations and broadcasters on the other side of the Atlantic. Although most of these broadcasters are landbased, it does include one maritime pioneer, 2010 inductee
Allan Weiner, who briefly operated Radio New York International from a ship in international waters off
the Long Island coast in 1987 and 1988.
Ireland enjoyed a flourishing land-based pirate radio scene for many years. The excellent Irishpirates.com contains a number of interesting air-checks.
Sunshine-101 was the first of the Dublin “super-pirates” and operated successfully from September 1980 until the end of 1988 under the leadership of Robbie Robinson (formerly Radio Caroline DJ
Robbie Dale). The website contains photos and memories of this much-loved station.
The Pirate Archive contains information and recordings of landbased pirates based in the English Midlands from the seventies to 2003.
The British Landbased Pirate Radio of the 70s and 80s website was created by
Steve Silby on Geocities, a free hosting service, in the late nineties. Due to some password problems, he was not able to continue working on it and it remained unfinished. Geocities has since closed down but,
thanks to the Reocities project to rescue old sites, it can now be seen again.
Radio Eric celebrates the British land-based pirate radio scene of the sixties, seventies and eighties with an extensive archive of recordings.
For three years in the eighties TX Magazine catalogued the growth of London's landbased pirate radio stations. Later it took to the telephone network as AM/FM, adding a print newsletter and embracing the net. The
AM/FM website brings together the issues of both publications with histories, photos and memorabilia of the eighties pirates.
AMERICAN AND CANADIAN TOP 40 RADIO
The pirate stations borrowed many of their ideas from trans-Atlantic Top 40 radio. To hear how the originals sounded, there are a number of highly recommended sites. The Reel Top 40 Radio Repository will keep you entertained for hours.
The Rock Radio Scrapbook has an immense range of American and Canadian recordings.
So does airchexx.com.
Northeast Airchecks concentrates on stations broadcasting in the north-eastern USA.
As well as these general sites, there are a number devoted to individual radio stations. Here are just a few that are recommended:
KHJ, Los Angeles, the home of the original ‘boss jocks’.
WOLF, Syracuse, home of the original Bud Ballou.
WMCA, New York, the home of the “good guys”.
WRKO, Boston, the home of Arnie “Woo Woo” Ginsberg.
“Tiger Radio” WQAM, Miami.
CKGM, Montreal, Canada.
WLS, Chicago, the “big 89”, home to Larry Lujack and Dick Biondi.
A website dedicated to the fans and former employees of WKLO, Louisville, Kentucky.
New York's legendary WABC, home of the “All Americans”.
Facebook page devoted to WFUN Miami.
Britain Radio 355 plays easy-listening music, interspersed with the marvellous “Hallmark Of Quality” jingles created for the original Britain
Radio back in 1966. There are some DJ-hosted shows on Sundays.
The internet resurrection of Radio Northsea International streams 24 hours a day with programmes in English, German and Dutch. Among the DJ line-up you can
find former offshore presenters Jim Richman, Freddie Belmont (Jeff Morris on Caroline) and Blake Williams.
Former Swinging Radio England, Caroline and RNI DJ, Roger Day, has his own station, Uncool Radio. It can be accessed via www.rogerday.co.uk.
Offshore radio expert Svenn Martinsen operates Radio Northern Star from Norway.
The Oldies Project offers non-stop music from the sixties and seventies. The station goes beyond the obvious hits and plays tracks you may not have
heard for years including many that were featured on Radio London. There is a rundown of Big L's Fab 40 of 52 years ago every Sunday morning at 11:00 GMT with a repeat on Wednesday evening at 18:00.
Offshore Music Radio plays those classic sixties, seventies and eighties records that you loved on the pirates but which seldom get airplay now.
A number of former offshore Radio Caroline DJs including Dave Richards, Bob Lawrence (aka Richard Thompson), Jeremy Chartham,
Cliff Osbourne, Brian Martin and Roger Mathews can now be heard on Quasar
Radio, an internet album station.
Fans of early British rock'n'roll may enjoy the revived internet version of Radio Sutch, which exists to promote and preserve music of that era.
Doug Wood, a former DJ on the Israeli offshore station The Voice Of Peace, operates an internet station playing “all-time hits”. It can be found at www.thevop.net.
Doug Wood also runs The Radio Ship, an internet station playing music from the sixties, seventies and eighties with the records introduced by archive recordings
of DJs from the offshore era, complete with the jingles of the day.
At Easter 2014 Irish radio station Newstalk broadcast a documentary about the birth of Radio Caroline in the port of Greenore, presented by Declan Meehan. The programme can still be heard via
Soundcloud. An interview with Caroline North DJ
Jerry Leighton carried out by the documentary's producer Trevor Dann is also
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